Horse Care Guidelines

Hoof Care:

Adult horse: Hooves trimmed by farrier every 8 weeks (average)

Foals: up to 6 months: Hooves trimmed every 3-6 weeks

 

Feeding:

Horses need 1-2% of body weight in feed to maintain weight- split into at least 2 feedings per day

Average adult horse (1000 lbs): 10-20 lbs of food daily. The low end amount for “easy keepers”, overweight horses, and pasture pets. The high end amount is for “hard keepers” thinner horses, horses in work.

Most or all of feed should be in form of fiber (hay, hay pellets) or possibly a complete feed like Equine Senior or Equine Adult. We recommend at least 50% of hay being grass hay unless otherwise directed by your veterinarian.

If horse needs more calories for weight gain, pregnancy or hard work- supplemental feed can be added to hay (beet pulp, equine senior active, Ultium, rice bran, Strategy, etc.)

If your horse needs gain or lose weight- you calculate the weight you want your horse to be and feed it according to that weight.

Ex. You have a 1200 lb horse and he is 200 lbs overweight. He is currently being fed 24 lbs feed daily. You would reduce feed to 20 lbs per day initially.

Deworming:

We can run fecal egg counts at our clinic for $15 for a more specific deworming schedule for your horse. (fresh manure sample- 1-2 fecal balls put in ziploc bag – kept in fridge until you can bring it in).

Foals: should be dewormed every 6-8 weeks with a paste starting at 6-8 weeks old for the first year of their life. We recommend panacur, fenbendazole or oxybendazole dewormers which can be purchased through us or a feed store. Be sure to deworm according to your foal’s weight.

Young horses > 1 yr and adult horses:

Deworm every 2-3 months with Ivermectin or every 3 months with moxidectin (Quest). Horses should be dewormed at least once a year with a combination dewormer for tapeworms (ivermectin and praziquantel  ex. Zimectrin Gold , Equimax, or moxidectin and praziquantel ex. Quest Plus)

Vaccinations:

Foals:

1st vaccines at 3-4 months old- these vaccines should be boostered 4-6 weeks later.

We recommend Eastern & Western Encephalitis, tetanus toxoid, Influenza, Rhinopneumonitis and West Nile Vaccines. Rabies and Strangles are optional.

There are many vaccines which are combination vaccines (3-way, 4-way, 6-way, etc)… please read label).

Vaccines should be administered in the muscle only- we recommend the neck or back legs/ buttocks area.

Adult horses:

Vaccinate 1-2x per year.

Annual / Core vaccines: Tetanus, West Nile, Eastern and Western Encephalitis, Rabies

Twice a year vaccine : Influenza (flu), Rhinopneumonitis, Strangles (optional)

Pregnant Mares:

No vaccines for at least the first 45 days of pregnancy.

At 5, 7 and 9 months of pregnancy: Pregnant Mare Rhino vaccine (anti-abortion vaccine),

At 9-10 months of pregnancy: Eastern & Western Encephalitis, West Nile, Tetanus toxoid, Influenza vaccines

If your horse is ridden a lot, travels, or is exposed to a lot of other horses: We recommend twice a year vaccination program.

If your horse stays in one property, doesn’t travel, doesn’t compete, or not exposed to a lot of new horses: Once a year vaccines are adequate.

Dental Care:

We are horse dentists! We do all equines including miniatures.

We recommend teeth floating starting at age 2-3 years old

Horses usually need teeth floating every 1-2 years. Average cost is $135-150 per horse.

In Arizona:

We recommend not feeding off sand: This is the #1 cause of colic here.

Please use stall mats, shavings, old manure, feeders or pasture/grass to prevent sand ingestion.

Free choice, clean water available at all times.